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CTIOA GLOSSARY

Here you will find the definitions to technical terms that relate to the tile industry. Please use the alphabet buttons below to jump down through the term list, or enter a keyword into the "Search" box to find terms and/or definitions containing your search string.  printable MS/WORD format      printable PDF format
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

  Calcine
     A ceramic mineral or mixture fired to less than fusion for use as a co more...

  Camber
     A deflection that is intentionally built into a structural element or more...

  Cap
     See Bullnose.

  Cassiterite (Sri 02)
     An inorganic mineral of the tetragonal form used as a source of tin an more...

  Cast-in-place
     Mortar or concrete which is deposited in the place where it is require more...

  Casting
     Forming ceramic ware by introducing a body slip into a porous mold whi more...

  Casting plaster
     A fast-setting gypsum plaster that is used to anchor marble to walls, more...

  Casting solid
     Forming ceramic ware by introducing a body slip into a porous mold whi more...

  Casting, drain (hollow casting)
     Forming ceramic ware by introducing a body slip into an open porous mo more...

  Caulking compound
     A soft, plastic material consisting of pigment and vehicle, used for s more...

  Ceiling mortar
     Extra-rich wall mortar.

  Cement
     Usually refers to portland cement which when mixed with sand, gravel, more...

  Cement grout
     A cementitious mixture of portland cement, sand or other ingredients a more...

  Cement mortar
     A cementitious mixture of portland cement, sand or other ingredients a more...

  Cement portland
     A hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker consisting essentia more...

  Cement, masonry
     A hydraulic cement for use in mortars for masonry construction, contai more...

  Cement-body tiles
     Tiles with the body made from a mixture of sand and portland cement. T more...

  Centigrade
     A scale of temperature which features 0° and 100° as the freezing and more...

  Ceramic article
     An article having a glazed or unglazed body of crystalline or partly c more...

  Ceramic mosaic tile
     An unglazed tile formed by either the dust-pressed or plastic method, more...

  Ceramic process
     The production of articles or coatings from essentially inorganic, non more...

  Ceramic tile
     A ceramic surfacing unit, usually relatively thin in relation to facia more...

  Ceramic whiteware
     A fired ware consisting of a glazed or unglazed ceramic body which is more...

  Ceramics
     A general term applied to the art or technique of producing articles b more...

  Chair
     See Bar support.

  Chalk line
     Usually cotton cord coated with chalk. The cord is snapped to mark a s more...

  Checking
     Short shallow cracks on the surface. Chemical porcelain. Vitreous cera more...

  China
     A glazed or unglazed vitreous ceramic whiteware used for nontechnical more...

  China process
     The method of producing glazed ware by which the ceramic body is fired more...

  China sanitary ware (sanitary plumbing fixtures)
     Glazed, vitrified whiteware fixtures having a sanitary service functio more...

  Chipped
     Caused from the same reasons as given under "pitted" or by rough handl more...

  Chipping hammer
     The chipping hammer is a lightweight hammer that comes in a variety of more...

  Chips
     The scaling or breaking off at the edges of fragments from the surface more...

  Clay
     A natural mineral aggregate, consisting essentially of hydrous aluminu more...

  Clear glaze
     A colorless or colored transparent ceramic glaze. (ASTM C 242).

  Cleavage membrane
     A layer of 15 lb. roofing felt, or an equivalent type of construction more...

  Cold joint
     Any point in a tile installation where tile and setting bed have termi more...

  Cold joint lines
     Visible lines on the surfaces of formed concrete indicating the presen more...

  Color
     The aspect of the appearance of an object dependent upon the spectral more...

  Colored grout
     Commercially prepared grout consisting of carefully graded aggregate, more...

  Column
     A member used primarily to support axial compression loads and with a more...

  Compaction
     The process whereby the volume of freshly placed mortar or concrete is more...

  Composition tile
     A hard tile surfacing unit made from a mixture of chemicals. The finis more...

  Compressive strength
     The measured maximum resistance of a concrete or mortar specimen to ax more...

  Concrete
     A composite material which consists essentially of a binding medium wi more...

  Concrete pump
     An apparatus which forces concrete to the placing position through a p more...

  Concrete, fibrous
     Concrete containing, dispersed, randomly oriented fibers.

  Concrete, field
     Concrete delivered or mixed, placed, and cured on the job site.

  Concrete, foamed
     Concrete made very light and cellular by the addition of a prepared fo more...

  Concrete, green
     Concrete which has set but not appreciably hardened.

  Concrete, lightweight
    

  Concrete, precast
     See Precast concrete.

  Concrete, refractory
     See Refractory concrete.

  Concrete, terrazzo
     Marble-aggregate concrete that is cast-in-place precast and ground smo more...

  Condensation
     Usually refers to liquid drops which form when a vapor is chilled belo more...

  Conductive (adj.)
     Having the quality or power of conducting or transmitting heat, electr more...

  Conductive mortar
     A tile mortar to which specific electrical conductivity is imparted th more...

  Conductive tile
     Tile made from special body compositions or by methods that result in more...

  Contaminated
     Stained tile as a result of carton and tile being saturated by moistur more...

  Contraction joint
     Formed, sawed, or tooled groove in a concrete structure to create a we more...

  Control joints
     See Expansion joints.

  Conventional installation
     The method of installing ceramic tile with portland cement mortar.

  Coping
     The material or units used to form a cap or finish on top of a wall, p more...

  Corbel
     A projection from the face of a beam, girder, column, or wall used as more...

  Cordierite porcelain
     A vitreous ceramic whiteware for technical application in which cordie more...

  Cordierite whiteware
     Anv ceramic whiteware in which cordierite (2MgO - 2A1203 - 5SiO2) is t more...

  Corrosion
     The eating and wearing away by chemical action (pitting, rusting).

  Cove
     A trim tile unit having one edge with a concave radius. A cove is used more...

  Cove base (sanitary)
     A trim tile having a concave radius on one edge and a convex radius wi more...

  Coverage
     A measure of the amount of material required to cover a given surface. more...

  Covering power
     The ability of a glaze to uniformly and completely cover the surface o more...

  Crack-control reinforcement
     Reinforcement in concrete construction designed to prevent opening of more...

  Cracked
     Tiles that have actually been cracked in one or more pieces usually du more...

  Cracks
     Hair-line fissures.

  Crawling
     A parting and contraction of the glaze on the surface of ceramic ware more...

  Crazing
     The cracking which occurs in fired glazes or other ceramic coatings du more...

  Creep
     Tune-dependent deformation due to sustained load.

  Crooked edges
     A curvature of the sides, either convex or concave, measured along the more...

  Crystalline glaze
     Glazed tile with an extra heavy glaze produced for use on counter tops more...

  Curing
     Maintenance of humidity and temperature of freshly placed concrete dur more...

  Curing blanket
     A built-up covering of sacks, matting, hessian, straw, waterproof pape more...

  Curing compound
     A liquid that can be applied as a coating to the surface of newly plac more...

  Curing, electrical
     A system in which a favorable temperature is maintained in freshly-pla more...

  Curling
     The distortion of an originally essentially linear or planar member in more...

  Cushion-edged tile
     Tile on which the facial edges have a distinct curvature that results more...