CERAMIC TILE INSTITUTE OF AMERICA, INC.
12061 Jefferson Blvd., Culver City, CA 90230-6219
CTIOA Field Report 90-11-2
SUBJECT: GROUT JOINTS
- With all of the field reports CTI has written it is believed yet another one
is needed. This field report is on the grout joints in our tile installations
and the width of the grout joints. This is because of numerous phone calls asking
about the recommended width of the grout joints.
- A good percentage of the questions are in regard to the grout joints in marble
tile, which has become much more widely used in recent years.
- Unfortunately, many of the question are asked because the installation is
all complete and the owner is not satisfied with the width of the grout joints.
- The width of the grout joints is one of the items that should be selected
by the owner. The width of the grout joint should not be left to the whim of the
- The grout joint is only a small percentage of the square footage of an installation
but what an important percentage it is. The grout and the grouting can enhance
the final appearance of the installation or it can detract from the appearance
of the final installation.
- Through the years there have been some customary joint widths on certain types
of ceramic tile:
- Decorative hand crafted tile on vertical surfaces were installed with an approximate
1/2 inch wide grout joint. This type tile was mostly in 6 x 6 inch or smaller
sized but all installed with a wide grout joint. Sometimes there were patterns
where four small tile had to line up with one 6 x 6 tile. In these situations
the width of the grout joint was dictated by the width between the four small
tile, so as to be lined up with the larger tile.
- There was a time when glazed wall tile was installed with string joints, which
made the grout joints about 1/16 inch wide. The 1/16 inch wide grout joint made
a very satisfactory grout joint width. There was also a time when the glazed wall
tile was installed tight joint, which resulted in unsatisfactory grout joint widths.
This was followed by the manufacturers putting lugs on the edges of the tile to
space the tile.
Lugs on the tile made the installation of glazed wall tile go faster but for the
most part the grout joint was too narrow. With the small amount of grout in the
joint it is difficult to obtain uniform grout joints. There is usually an overglaze
on some edges of the glazed wall tile. If the edges of two tile come together
without any overglaze the grout sets different than if there is one overglazed
tile next to one having no overglaze or joints where two overglazed edges come
- Historically the small ceramic mosaic tile have been mounted with an approximate
1/16 inch wide joint and still is today. For quarry tile and paver tile 1/4 inch
wide grout joints have been the normal width for years and still is today.
- The grout joint width for large sized tile have been going in two directions.
Large precision made tile are using a comparatively narrow joint. Large handcrafted
tile are using a wide grout joint, some up to one inch wide.
- Marble tile and granite tile have been a mixed bag for the grout joint width.
This has resulted in dissatisfaction where the joints have been too wide an dissatisfaction
where tile has been installed tight joint. It is easy to see that extremes of
too wide or too narrow should be avoided.
- When we get right down to selecting the grout joint width it should be made
by mutual consent of the interested parties. The owner, who has to live with the
installation, should have a big part in the decision.
- If recommend widths are wanted consider the following:
- Decorative handcrafted tile 3/8 to 1/2 inch.
- Mounted, handcrafted tile in 3 x 3 and 4 x 4 as mounted, 1/4 inch.
- Glazed wall tile, as dictated by the lugs or 1/16 inch.
- Ceramic mosaic tile as mounted, usually 1/16 inch.
- Quarry tile and paver tile 1/4 inch.
- Large sized of precision made tile, such as 24 x 24 inches, 3/16 to 1/4 inch.
- Large sizes of handcrafted tile 1/2 to 3/4 inch.
- Marble tile and granite tile 1/16 inch minimum and 3/16 inch maximum.
- It must be understood by all, if mounted tile is selected the grout joint
width is established at the factory and cannot be changed.
- A good practice is to show the tile sample grouted when the selection is made.
- Beauty is in the eyes of the beholder and the decision on both tile and grout
width should be made by the owner.